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Ford Capri

 



  Ford Capri was a name used by the Ford Motor Company for three different automobile models. The Ford Consul Capri coupé was produced by Ford of Britain between 1961 and 1964. The Ford Capri coupé was produced by Ford of Europe from 1969 to 1986. The Ford/Mercury Capri convertible was produced by the Ford Motor Company of Australia from 1989 to 1994.

The Capri name was also used by Ford's Lincoln-Mercury Division on six different models which did not bear the Ford name. The Lincoln Cosmopolitan Capri from 1950 to 1951; the Lincoln Capri from 1952 to 1959; the Mercury Comet Capri in 1966–1967; and three different generations of Mercury Capris from 1970 to 1994.


   


  The Capri was a two-door coupé version of the Ford Classic saloon made by Ford of Britain. The Ford Classic was a result of 4 years of development. Approval for the project was given in autumn 1956. The styling of the car was the last project undertaken by Colin Neale before he left Dagenham for Dearborn. The initial design requirement was for the Ford Classic to be a full range model to take Ford into the new decade. Ford even developed a full-size estate (station wagon) prototype.

The Capri Project was code named "Sunbird" and took design elements from the Ford Thunderbird and the Ford Galaxie Sunliner. It was instigated by Sir Horace Denne, Ford's Sales Director. He wanted a "co-respondent's" car to add glamour to the product line. It was designed by Charles Thompson who worked under Neale and had sweeping lines, a large boot space and a pillarless coupé roof.

Ford Capri Mk I
1974.ford.capri.arp.750pix.jpg
1974 Ford Capri 3.0 GXL
Manufacturer Ford of Europe
Also called Mercury Capri
Production 1969-1974
Assembly Dagenham, Halewood, United Kingdom
Genk, Belgium
Cologne, Saarlouis, Germany
Homebush, Australia
Successor Ford Capri Mk II
Class Mid-size sports car
Body style Fastback coupé
Layout FR layout
Engine petrol:
V4 1.3 L, 1.5 L, 1.7 L, 2.0 L (UK)
I-4 1.3 L, 1.6 L, 2.0 L,
V6 2.0 L, 2.6 L, 3.0 L, 3.1vL, 3.4 L
Transmission 4-speed manual all-synchromesh
Wheelbase 100.8 in (2,560 mm)
Length 168.5 in (4,280 mm)
Width 64.8 in (1,646 mm)
Height 50.7 in (1,288 mm)
Curb weight

 

2,053 lb (931 kg)

2,522 lb (1,144 kg) 3000GXL
 

 
 
Ford Consul Capri
Ford Consul Capri.jpg
1962 Ford Consul Capri
Manufacturer Ford of Britain
Body style 2-door coupé
Engine 1340 cc I4 (OHV)
1961 - 1962
1498 cc I4 OHV
1962 - 1964
Wheelbase 99 in (2,515 mm)
Length 170.75 in (4,337 mm)
Width 65.3 in (1,659 mm)
Height 54 in (1,372 mm)
Curb weight 2,100 lb (953 kg) approx
Related Ford Consul Classic

  The first Ford Capri to bear that precise name was introduced in January 1969 at the Brussels Motor Show, with sales starting the following month. The intention was to reproduce in Europe the success Ford had had with the North American Ford Mustang; to produce a European pony car.

It was mechanically based on the Cortina and built in Europe at the Dagenham and Halewood plants in the United Kingdom, the Genk plant in Belgium, and the Saarlouis and Cologne plants in Germany. The car was named Colt during development stage, but Ford were unable to use the name, as it was trademarked by Mitsubishi.

Although a fastback coupé, Ford wanted the Capri Mk I to be affordable for a broad spectrum of potential buyers. To help achieve that, it was available with a variety of engines. The British and German factories produced different line-ups. The continental model used the Ford Taunus V4 engine in 1.3, 1.5 and 1.7 L engine displacement, while the British versions were powered by the Ford Kent straight-4 in 1.3 and 1.6 L form.

The Ford Essex V4 engine 2.0 L (British built) & Cologne V6 2.0 L (German built) served as initial range-toppers. At the end of the year, new sports versions were added: the 2300 GT in Germany, using a double-barrel carburettor with 125 PS (92 kW), and in September 1969 the 3000 GT in the UK, with the Essex V6, capable of 138 hp (103 kW).

Ford Capri Mk II
Ford capri mk2 1974.jpg
1974 Ford Capri Mk II
Manufacturer Ford of Europe
Also called Mercury Capri
Production 1974-1978
Assembly Dagenham, Halewood, United Kingdom
Genk, Belgium
Saarlouis, Cologne, Germany
Predecessor Ford Capri Mk I
Successor Ford Capri Mk III
Class Mid-size sports car
Body style Hatchback coupé
Layout FR layout
Engine petrol:
I-4 1.3 L 1.6 L, 2.0 L,
V6 2.3 L, 3.0 L
Transmission Manual transmission
 
Ford Capri Mk III
1977-1986 Ford Capri S coupe (2010-12-28).jpg
Ford Capri III S
Manufacturer Ford of Europe
Production 1978-1986
Assembly Dagenham, Halewood, United Kingdom
Genk, Belgium
Cologne, Saarlouis, Germany
Predecessor Ford Capri Mk II
Class Mid-size sports car
Body style Hatchback coupé
Layout FR layout
Engine petrol:
I-4 1.3 L, 1.6 L, 2.0 L,
V6 2.0 L, 2.3 L, 2.8 L, 3.0 L
Transmission Manual transmission,
Automatic transmission
Wheelbase 101 in (2,565 mm)
Length 167.8 in (4,262 mm)
Width 67 in (1,702 mm)
Height 51 in (1,295 mm)
Curb weight 2,227 lb (1,010 kg) 1.3L
2,293 lb (1,040 kg) 1.6S
2,273 lb (1,031 kg) 2.0S
2,620 lb (1,188 kg) 2.8i
2,688 lb (1,219 kg) 3.0S
 

 The Capri proved highly successful, with 400,000 cars sold until 1970. Ford revised it in 1972 to become what is known by enthusiasts as the Capri "Bis" (i.e. "second") or, in the UK, the "Mk I facelift" Capri. The car received a new and more comfortable suspension, rectangular headlights, enlarged tail-lights and new seats. The Kent engines were replaced by the Ford Pinto engine and the previously UK-only 3000 GT joined the German lineup. In the UK the 2.0 L V4 remained in use.

In addition, North American versions received larger rubber-covered bumpers (to comply with U.S. DOT regulations) for 1973.

1973, saw the highest sales total the Capri ever attained, at 233,000 vehicles: the 1,000,000th Capri, an RS 2600, was completed on 29 August.

In December, Ford replaced the Cologne V6 based RS2600 with the Essex V6 based RS3100, with the usual 3.0 L Essex V6's displacement increased to 3098 cc. Unlike its predecessor, it used a double-barrel Weber carburettor, and reached the same 150 PS (110 kW). Only 250 RS3100s were built for homologation purposes.

However, the car was still competitive in touring car racing, and Ford Motorsport produced a 100-model limited edition with this new engine. The Group 4 RS3100’s engine was tuned by Cosworth into the GAA, with 3412 cc, fuel injection, DOHC, four valves per cylinder and 435 hp (324 kW) in racing trim. The car also featured improved aerodynamics. Besides the racing RS3100, the GAA was also used in Formula 5000.



 

 In February 1974, the Capri II was introduced. After 1.2 million cars sold, and with the 1973 oil crisis, Ford chose to make the new car more suited to everyday driving with a shorter bonnet, larger cabin and the adoption of a hatchback rear door.

By the standards of the day, the Capri II was a very well evolved vehicle with very few reliability issues. For Germany the Capri now offered 1.3-litre (55 PS (40 kW)), 1.6-litre (72 PS (53 kW)) or 2.0-litre (88 PS (65 kW)) in-line four-cylinder engines, complemented by a 2.3-litre (108 PS (79 kW)) and the UK sourced 3.0-litre V6.
 

 
Zakspeed Ford Capri
Ford Capri DTM Zakspeed Klaus Ludwig f TCE.jpg
Category Group 5 (racing)
Constructor Zakspeed
Technical specifications
Chassis Alloy tube structure with alloy sheet floorplan, bonded to kevlar bodypanels
Suspension (front) Alloy wishbones, titanium concentric coil spring, gas dampers
Suspension (rear) Alloy rear axle, radius locating arms, Watts linkage, titanium concentric coil spring, gas dampers
Engine Based on Cosworth BDA 1.4-litre I-4 twin-turbo, FR
Transmission Getrag 5-speed ZF LSD with 90 percent locking efficiency
Tyres Goodyear 10.0/225 x 16 (front);
12.5/225 x 19 (rear)
Competition history
Notable entrants Ford Motorsport
Notable drivers Klaus Ludwig, Jochen Mass
Races Wins Poles Fastest laps
14 9 12
 

 The Capri Mk III was referred to internally as "Project Carla", and although little more than a substantial update of the Capri II, it was often referred to as the Mk III. The first cars were available in March 1978, but failed to halt a terminal decline in sales.

The concept of a heavily facelifted Capri II was shown at the 1976 Geneva show: a Capri II with a front very similar to the Escort RS2000 (with four headlamps and black slatted grille), and with a rear spoiler, essentially previewed the model some time before launch. The Mk III featured improved aerodynamics, leading to improved performance and economy over the Mk II and the trademark quad headlamps were introduced.

At launch the existing engine and transmission combinations of the Capri II were carried over, with the 3.0 S model regarded as the most desirable model although, in truth, the softer Ghia derivative with automatic, rather than manual transmission, was the bigger seller of the two V6-engined models.


 



          
 

  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ford_Capri  
  http://www.fordcapri.co.uk/  
  http://www.fordcapri.co.nz/  








 
 

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