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Ford Escort

 

  

The Ford Escort is a small family car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company's European division between 1968 and 2000. The Escort name was also applied to several different designs in North America over the years .

The first use of the Escort name was for a reduced specification version of the Ford Squire, a 1950s estate car version of the Ford Anglia 100E, though this did not sell very well by comparison to the other members of the 100E family. 


   

 
 

Ford Escort (Europe)
MK1 RS2000 Escort
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Production 1968–2002
Assembly Halewood Body & Assembly, England
(RS2000 assembled in Germany)
Predecessor Ford Anglia
Successor Ford Focus
Class Small family car
Body style 2-door saloon (1968–1980, 1990–1992 - Brazil)
4-door saloon (1969–1980, 1993–2000)
3-door hatchback (1980–2000)
5-door hatchback (1980–2000)
3-door estate (1968–1990)
5-door estate (1983–2000)
2-door convertible (1983–2000)
2-Door panel van (1968–2000)
Engine 0.9 L, 1.1 L, 1.3 L, 1.6 L Ford Kent (Mark I, Mark II)
1.6 L Lotus-Ford Twin Cam (Mark I)
1.6 L, 1.8 L Cosworth BDA (Mark I, Mark II)
1.6 L, 2.0 L Pinto (Mark I, Mark II)
1.1 L, 1.3 L, 1.4 L, 1.6 L Ford CVH (Mark III, Mark IV)
1.1 L, 1.3 L Ford Valencia (Mark III & Mark IV)
1.6 L, 1.8 L Ford Zetec (Mark IV)
2.0 L Ford I4 (Mark V, Mark Va & Mark VI)
Related Ford Capri
Ford Orion
 
Ford Escort Mark I


 

1971 Escort Mark I estate
Production Jan 1968–Nov 1974
Assembly Halewood Body & Assembly, England
Saarlouis, Germany
Nazareth, Israel
Homebush, Australia
New Zealand
Taiwan (Ford Lio Ho, CKD)
Genk, Belgium
Body style 2-door saloon
4-door saloon
3-door estate
2-door panel van
Engine 939 cc Crossflow OHV I4
1,098 cc Crossflow OHV I4
1,298 cc Crossflow OHV I4
1,558 cc Lotus Twin Cam I4
1,994 cc Pinto TL20H OHC I4
Wheelbase 94.5 in (2,400 mm)
Length 159.25 in (4,045 mm) (saloon)
160.8 in (4,084 mm) (estate)
Width 61.8 in (1,570 mm)
Height 58.5 in (1,486 mm)
Curb weight 1,690 lb (767 kg)


 The Mark I Ford Escort was introduced in the United Kingdom at the end of 1967, making its show debut at Brussels Motor Show in January 1968.It replaced the successful long running Anglia. The car was presented in continental Europe as a product of Ford's European operation. Escort production commenced at Halewood in England during the closing months of 1967, and for left hand drive markets during the autumn fall of 1968 at the Ford plant in Genk.

Initially the continental Escorts differed slightly from the UK built ones under the skin. The front suspension and steering gear were differently configured and the brakes were fitted with dual hydraulic circuits; also the wheels fitted on the Genk-built Escorts had wider rims.At the beginning of 1970, continental European production transferred to a new plant on the edge of Saarlouis, West Germany.

 The Escort was a commercial success in many parts of western Europe, but nowhere more than in the UK, where the national best seller of the 1960s, BMC's Austin/Morris 1100 was beginning to show its age while Ford's own Cortina had grown, both in dimension and in price, beyond the market niche at which it had originally been pitched.



In June 1974, six years into the car's UK introduction, Ford announced the completion of the two millionth Ford Escort, a milestone hitherto unmatched by any Ford model outside the USA.It was also stated that 60% of the two million Escorts had been built in Britain

Ford Escort Mark II

Ford-Escort-Mk2.JPG
 

Ford-Escort-Mk2 Back.JPG
Production 1974–1980
Assembly Halewood Body & Assembly, England
Saarlouis, Germany
Cork, Ireland
Homebush, Australia
Wiri, New Zealand
Body style 2-door saloon
4-door saloon
3-door estate
2-door panel van
Engine 1.1L OHV "Ford Kent engine" Straight-4
1.3 L OHV "Kent" Straight-4
1.6 L OHV "Kent" Straight-4
1.6 L OHC "Pinto" Straight-4 (RS Mexico - UK only)
1.8 L DOHC "Cosworth BDA" Straight-4 (RS1800)
2.0 L OHC " Pinto" Straight-4 (RS2000 and Australia)
Wheelbase 94.5 in (2,400 mm)
Length 156.5 in (3,975 mm) (saloon)
163 in (4,140 mm) (estate)
Width 61.8 in (1,570 mm)
Height 55.65 in (1,414 mm)
Curb weight
 
Ford Escort Mark IV


Manufacturer Ford
Production 1986–1990
Assembly Halewood Body & Assembly, England
Almussafes, Valencia, Spain
Saarlouis, Germany
General Pacheco, Argentina
Valencia, Carabobo, Venezuela
Class Small family car
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
3-door estate
5-door estate
2-door Cabriolet
3-door panel van
Platform Ford 'Erika' platform
Engine 1117cc OHV "Valencia" Straight-4
1296cc OHV "Valencia" Straight-4
1118cc OHV "HCS" Straight-4
1297cc OHV "HCS" Straight-4
1392cc OHC "CVH" Straight-4
1596cc OHC "CVH" Straight-4
Transmission Ford BC4 4-speed manual
Ford BC5 5-speed manual
Ford ATX 3-speed automatic
Ford CTX CVT automatic
 
 
   

 
   

 The Escort had conventional rear-wheel drive and a four-speed manual gearbox, or 3-speed automatic transmission. The suspension consisted of MacPherson strut front suspension and a simple live axle mounted on leaf springs. The Escort was the first small Ford to use rack-and-pinion steering, its predecessor had used the, at the time, more traditional steering box set up.



The Mark I featured contemporary styling cues in tune with its time: a subtle Detroit-inspired "Coke bottle" waistline and the "dogbone" shaped front grille  arguably the car's most famous stylistic feature. Similar "Coke Bottle" styling featured in the larger Cortina Mark III (also built in West Germany as the Taunus) that was launched in 1970.

 There was a 1300GT performance version, with a tuned 1.3 L Kent (OHV) engine sporting a Weber carburetor and uprated suspension.

This version also featured additional instrumentation with a tachometer, battery charge indicator and oil pressure gauge. The same tuned 1.3 L engine was also used in a variation sold as the Escort Sport, that used the flared front wings from the AVO range of cars, but featured trim from the more basic models. Later on a further "executive" version of the Escort was produced known as the 1300E. This featured the same 13" road wheels and flared wings of the Sport, but was trimmed in an upmarket, for that time, fashion with wood trim on the dashboard and door cappings.

Ford Escort Mark III
Ford Escort front 20071017.jpg

Ford Escort rear 20071017.jpg
Manufacturer Ford
Production 1980–1986
Assembly Halewood Body & Assembly, England
Almussafes, Valencia, Spain
Saarlouis, Germany
Class Small family car
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
3-door estate
5-door estate
2-door Cabriolet
3-door panel van
Platform Ford CE14 platform
Engine 1117cc OHV "Valencia" Straight-4
1087cc OHC "CVH" Straight-4
1296cc OHC "CVH" Straight-4
1596cc OHC "CVH" Straight-4
Transmission Ford BC4 4-speed manual
Ford BC5 5-speed manual
Ford ATX 3-speed automatic
Designer Uwe Bahnsen, Patrick Le Quément
 
Ford Escort Mark Vb
1994 Ford Escort.JPG
Manufacturer Ford
Production 1992–1995
Assembly Saarlouis, Germany
Halewood Body & Assembly, England
Bursa, Turkey
Class Small family car
Engine 1297cc OHV "HCS" Straight-4
1388cc OHC "CVH" Straight-4
1596cc OHC "CVH" Straight-4
1598cc OHC "Zeta" Straight-4
1796cc OHC "Zeta" Straight-4
Transmission Ford BC4 4-speed manual
Ford Ford BC5 5-speed manual
Ford CTX CVT Automatic
   
   

 
 There was, in the early days of the Escort, a higher performance version for rallies and racing — the Escort Twin Cam,( built for Group 2 international rallying) which featured an engine with a Lotus-made eight-valve twin camshaft head fitted to the 1.5 L non-crossflow block, which had a bigger bore than usual to give a capacity of 1,558 cc.

This engine had originally been developed for the Lotus Cortina. Production of the Twin Cam, which was originally produced at Halewood, was phased out as the RS1600 was developed.

The Mark I Escorts became very successful as a rally car, and they eventually went on to become one of the most successful rally cars of all time.The Ford works team was practically unbeatable in the late 1960s / early 1970s, and arguably the Escort's greatest victory was in the 1970 London to Mexico World Cup Rally being driven by Finnish legend Hannu Mikkola. This gave rise to the famous Escort Mexico (1.6 L "Kent"-engined) special edition road versions in honour of the rally car.


Ford also produced an RS2000 model as a more "civilised" alternative to the somewhat temperamental RS1600, featuring a 2.0 L Pinto (OHC) engine. This also clocked up some rally and racing victories; and pre-empted the hot hatch market as a desirable but affordable performance road car. Like the Mexico and RS1600, this car was produced at the Aveley plant.

The Escort quickly became one of Britain's most popular cars, comfortably outselling the conceptually similar Vauxhall Viva HB launched two years earlier. It was also a success on export markets, though in the larger European markets it tended to be outsold by the Opel Kadett, its General Motors rival. The car was built in Germany, Britain and in Commonwealth countries such as Australia and New Zealand.

Ford New Zealand's Seaview plant in Lower Hutt built 1.1 and 1.3-litre versions, initially as Deluxe (1.1) and Super (1.3) two-door sedans plus panel vans. The four-door sedan was added in 1970. Trim levels were revised after the 1972 UK facelift with just one run of 1.3XLs (with the GT instrument pack) before these were downgraded to 'L' trim. Base and L trims were offered to the end of the MK1 run. Some 1.6 Mexicos were imported in 1973-4 after the government temporarily freed up import licensing due to a shortage of new cars. Estate versions were mostly rare imports. 


 
Ford Escort Mark V
Ford Escort front 20080205.jpg

Ford Escort rear 20080205.jpg
Manufacturer Ford
Production 1990–1992
Assembly Halewood Body & Assembly, England
Almussafes, Valencia, Spain
Saarlouis, Germany
Class Small family car
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
5-door estate
2-door Cabriolet
3-door panel van
Engine 1297cc OHV "HCS" Straight-4
1388cc OHC "CVH" Straight-4
1596cc OHC "CVH" Straight-4
1796cc OHC "Zeta" Straight-4
Transmission Ford BC4 4-speed manual
Ford BC5 5-speed manual
Ford MTX-75 5-speed manual
Ford ATX 3-speed automatic
Ford CTX CVT automatic
Ford Escort Mark VI
Ford Escort front 20070523.jpg
Manufacturer Ford
Also called Ford Escort Classic (D 11/1998-7/2000)
Ford EuroEscort (RA)
Production 1995–2000
Assembly Bursa, Turkey
Halewood Body & Assembly, England
Saarlouis, Germany
General Pacheco, Argentina
Ford Union, Obchuk, Belarus (1997−2000)
Chennai, India
Class Small family car
Engine 1297cc OHV "HCS" Straight-4
1388cc OHC "CVH" Straight-4
1596cc OHC "CVH" Straight-4
1598cc OHC "Zeta" Straight-4
1796cc OHC "Zeta" Straight-4
Transmission Ford BC5 4-speed manual
Ford Ford iB5 5-speed manual
Ford CTX CVT Automatic

 The squarer-styled Mark II version appeared in January 1975. The first production models had rolled off the production lines on 2 December 1974.

Unlike the first Escort (which was developed by Ford of Britain), the second generation was developed jointly between the UK and Ford of Germany. Codenamed "Brenda" during its development, it used the same mechanical componentss as the Mark I.


The 950 cc engine was still offered in Italy where the smaller engine attracted tax advantages, but in the other larger European markets in Europe it was unavailable. The estate and van versions used the same panelwork as the Mark I, but with the Mark II front end and interior. The car used a revised underbody, which had in fact been introduced as a running change during the last six months of the life of the Mark I.

This car made a point, with just four body styles, of competing in many different market niches where rival manufacturers had either multiple model ranges or simply none at all. "L" and "GL" models (2-door, 4-door, estate) were in the mainstream private sector, the "Sport", "RSMexico", and "RS2000" in the performance market, the "Ghia" (2-door, 4-door) for an untapped small car luxury market, and "base / Popular" models for the bottom end. Panel-van versions catered to the commercial sector.

During the second half of the 1970s, the Escort continued to prove hugely popular with buyers in Britain and other parts of Europe.A cosmetic update was given in 1978, with L models gaining the square headlights previously exclusive to the GL and Ghia variants and there was an upgrade in interior and exterior specification for some models. Underneath a wider front track was given.

In 1979 and 1980 three special edition Escorts were launched the Linnet, Harrier and Goldcrest.

Production, after an incredibly popular model run, ended in Britain in August 1980, other countries following soon after.








          
 

 http://www.edmunds.com/ford/escort/  
  http://www.ananzi.co.za/
motoring/ford-escort-mk1.html
 
 http://www.pistonheads.
com/sales/3131376.htm
 






 
 

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