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Ford Granada

 



 The Ford Granada was a large executive car manufactured by Ford Europe at both its German factory in Cologne and its British factory in Dagenham from 1972 until 1976 when production switched entirely to Germany. From 1985 to 1994 the Granada name was used in the UK only, for a model sold in other European markets as the Ford Scorpio.


 

Mark I

Ford Granada Mark I, four-door saloon
Also called Ford Consul
Production 1972–1977
Assembly Cologne, Germany
Body style 2-door saloon
4-door saloon
5-door estate
2-door coupé
Engine 1699 cc V4 Europe
1996 cc V4 UK
1993 cc I4
2293 cc V6 Europe
2494 cc V6 UK
2551 cc V6 Europe
2994 cc V6 UK
4942 cc V8 ZA
Transmission 4-speed manual all-synchromesh
Wheelbase 107 in (2,718 mm)
Length 180 in (4,572 mm)
Width 70.5 in (1,791 mm)
Height 53.9 in (1,369 mm)
Curb weight 1,190 kg (2,624 lb) -
1,430 kg (3,153 lb)

Mark II

Production 1977–1985
Assembly Cologne, Germany
Taiwan (Ford Lio Ho)
Body style 2-door saloon
4-door saloon
5-door estate
Engine Petrol:
1,593 cc I4 75 hp
1,699 cc V4 70-73 hp
1,993 cc I4 99-101 hp
1,999 cc V6 90 hp
2,293 cc V6 108-114 hp
2,792 cc V6 135-160 hp
Diesel
1,948 cc I4 54 hp (Peugeot)
2,112 cc I4 63 hp (Peugeot)
2,498 cc I4 69 hp (Peugeot)
Transmission 4-speed manual all-synchromesh, 5-speed manual all-synchromesh, 3-speed auto
Wheelbase 2,769 mm (109.0 in)
Length 4,720 mm (186 in)
(Saloon)
4,824 mm (189.9 in)(Estate/Turnier)
Width 1,791 mm (70.5 in)
Height 1,416 mm (55.7 in)
(Saloon)
1,422 mm (56.0 in) (Estate/Turnier)
 

 
 The March 1972 released Granada succeeded the British Ford Zephyr, and the German P7-series as Ford's European executive car offering. At first, lower models in the range were called the Ford Consul, but from 1975 on they were all called Granadas.



The car soon became popular for taxi, fleet and police usage. It was also converted into limousine and hearse versions by the British companies Coleman Milne and Woodall Nicholson. Traditional four-door limousines were offered (both long and short versions) alongside an unusual four-door "coupé limousine" (only 12 built),as well as hearses in either two- or four-door configurations.



 
 The square and straight-lined Granada '78 appeared in August 1977 and was produced until April 1985 following a mild facelift and attention to drivetrain NVH in 1982.


It was a development of the previous car, the main differences being the "Cologne" V6 engine in 2.0 L, 2.3 L and 2.8 L forms replacing the older "Essex" unit (which had never been offered in the Cologne built Granadas), and the introduction of features such as air conditioning and, for the top-price 2.8-litre versions, fuel-injection. In mainland Europe, a 1.7 L V4 was originally available.


By the time of its introduction, UK Granada production had been quietly abandoned "for some time": UK market Granada IIs were imported from Germany. Internally within Ford, the "Cologne" 1.7, 2.0, 2.3 and 2.8 units were the last derivatives of the 'V-Taunus' range of engines.

 

 In April 1985 the third-generation car arrived, which was essentially a rebadged Ford Scorpio, the Granada name being used in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland only, with the Scorpio badge (which covered the whole range in Continental Europe) being reserved for the top-range versions. The Mark III Granada was the first European volume production model to have anti-lock brakes fitted as standard across the range.


Engine options included the familiar SOHC Pinto engine, in either tax-barrier undercutting 1.8 L form, or a more powerful 2-litre version with fuel injection available. The Cologne V6 engines were carried over from the previous range in short-lived (and not much more powerful than the 2 L Pinto) 2.4 L, and 2.8 L (later 2.9 L) capacities.




In 1991 A new range-topping vehicle was introduced, the Scorpio 24-valve. It featured a 2.9 L Cologne engine that had been extensively re-worked by
Cosworth Engineering and featured quad camshafts and 24 valves, enough for 200 bhp (150 kW). According to Ford this gave a 0-60 mph time of 8.1 seconds and top speed of 140 mph (230 km/h).

This version of the Granada continued the "Ford family" styling concept from the previous versions; this time the car superficially resembled a larger version of the Cortina's successor, the Ford Sierra.



 The coupé was discontinued when the new model began production, although there was a two-door saloon version in certain European markets. A relatively low number of vehicles were also produced with the Peugeot 504 / 505 four-cylinder diesel engine in 1.9-, 2.1- and 2.5-litre capacities.Originally only available as four-door sedans (the later 2.5 also as an estate), most of these went to taxi operators, and few survive.



The smallest 1.9 was quite underpowered and was soon replaced by the somewhat more powerful 2.1, which was presented as the "Granada GLD" in March 1979 at Geneva.By 1982, this was replaced by the more capable 2.5.



As the range matured another two models were introduced. A sports based Granada was introduced as the Granada 2.8 Injection which had white alloy wheels and a black bootlid spoiler. This model borrowed the 2.8i "injected" engine from the Ghia model range. Towards the end of its production run, the introduction of the 2.0 and 2.3 LX saloon and estate UK marketing packs provided versions with a slightly higher specification than the "base" L models.


 A special Ford of Britain only marketing pack edition of the Ghia X model was later introduced as the "Ford Granada Ghia X Executive" which standardised luxury appointments such as the high grade Connolly Leather interior that had previously been an optional fitment. Further refinements such an electric sunroof, electric opening boot on saloons, electric seat adjustment, heated seats, trip computer and air conditioning set the Granada Ghia X above most other cost comparable executive cars available in the UK in the early eighties.



There was also a special "Taxi" edition, available only in black, which included a foot-operated "panic button" in the drivers' footwell which would operate the alarm system. In addition to these two models the range was complemented by estate models which reflected the same appointment levels as the entire saloon range including the Ghia X, but not the Ghia X Executive model.


 






          
 

 
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ford_Granada
 
 
http://www.car-vs-car.de/
 
 
http://www.autoplenum.de/Auto/FORD/Granada/Modell-Bild-id6.html
 


 







 
 

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